Comparing computer mediated communication (CMC) and face to face (FTF) communication for the development of Japanese as a foreign language

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[Truncated abstract] This study compared task-based synchronous Computer Mediated Communication (CMC) and Face-To-Face communication (FTF) to explore the impact of communication medium and different task types on negotiation of meaning. Thirty-two intermediate learners of Japanese from one tertiary school in Australia were voluntarily recruited. They formed 16 dyads and performed three different types of tasks both in CMC and FTF communication. The three tasks conducted were ‘Spot the differences’, ‘Role play’ and ‘Constructing sentences’ tasks. Three types of data were collected for analyses: computer recording of CMC tasks, tape recording of FTF tasks and a students’ questionnaire that was conducted at the completion of all the tasks. The students’ questionnaire captured their perception of the experience overall. The data were analysed for various aspects of negotiation of meaning and corrective feedback that occurred and the results were compared both by communication medium and by task. The data were also examined for positive and negative aspects of students’ collaboration found in CMC in comparison with that which occurred in the FTF situation, as well as their perception of the experience from the questionnaire. Findings suggest that FTF communication had an advantage over CMC when the two modes were quantitatively compared; more negotiation of meaning occurred, more negotiations were being extended, and negotiations were repaired more successfully at the end of negotiations. Also, the negotiations that occurred were more evenly distributed over different types of problem. Finally, more corrective feedback was incorporated in this mode as well.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
StateUnpublished - 2009


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