Attention bias modification training under working memory load increases the magnitude of change in attentional bias

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Attention bias modification training under working memory load increases the magnitude of change in attentional bias. / Clarke, Patrick J F; Branson, Sonya; Chen, Nigel T M; Van Bockstaele, Bram; Salemink, Elske; MacLeod, Colin; Notebaert, Lies.

In: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, Vol. 57, 01.12.2017, p. 25-31.

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Harvard

Clarke, PJF, Branson, S, Chen, NTM, Van Bockstaele, B, Salemink, E, MacLeod, C & Notebaert, L 2017, 'Attention bias modification training under working memory load increases the magnitude of change in attentional bias' Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, vol 57, pp. 25-31. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2017.02.003

APA

Clarke, P. J. F., Branson, S., Chen, N. T. M., Van Bockstaele, B., Salemink, E., MacLeod, C., & Notebaert, L. (2017). Attention bias modification training under working memory load increases the magnitude of change in attentional bias. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 57, 25-31. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2017.02.003

Vancouver

Clarke PJF, Branson S, Chen NTM, Van Bockstaele B, Salemink E, MacLeod C et al. Attention bias modification training under working memory load increases the magnitude of change in attentional bias. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. 2017 Dec 1;57:25-31. Available from, DOI: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2017.02.003

Author

Clarke, Patrick J F; Branson, Sonya; Chen, Nigel T M; Van Bockstaele, Bram; Salemink, Elske; MacLeod, Colin; Notebaert, Lies / Attention bias modification training under working memory load increases the magnitude of change in attentional bias.

In: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, Vol. 57, 01.12.2017, p. 25-31.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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@article{fd2043c95a3745fb8c5980d2aa64f491,
title = "Attention bias modification training under working memory load increases the magnitude of change in attentional bias",
abstract = "Background and objectives Attention bias modification (ABM) procedures have shown promise as a therapeutic intervention, however current ABM procedures have proven inconsistent in their ability to reliably achieve the requisite change in attentional bias needed to produce emotional benefits. This highlights the need to better understand the precise task conditions that facilitate the intended change in attention bias in order to realise the therapeutic potential of ABM procedures. Based on the observation that change in attentional bias occurs largely outside conscious awareness, the aim of the current study was to determine if an ABM procedure delivered under conditions likely to preclude explicit awareness of the experimental contingency, via the addition of a working memory load, would contribute to greater change in attentional bias. Methods Bias change was assessed among 122 participants in response to one of four ABM tasks given by the two experimental factors of ABM training procedure delivered either with or without working memory load, and training direction of either attend-negative or avoid-negative. Results Findings revealed that avoid-negative ABM procedure under working memory load resulted in significantly greater reductions in attentional bias compared to the equivalent no-load condition. Limitations The current findings will require replication with clinical samples to determine the utility of the current task for achieving emotional benefits. Conclusions These present findings are consistent with the position that the addition of a working memory load may facilitate change in attentional bias in response to an ABM training procedure.",
keywords = "ABM, Anxiety, Anxiety disorders, Attention bias modification, Attentional bias, CBM, Cognitive bias modification, Cognitive load, Selective attention, Working memory load",
author = "Clarke, {Patrick J F} and Sonya Branson and Chen, {Nigel T M} and {Van Bockstaele}, Bram and Elske Salemink and Colin MacLeod and Lies Notebaert",
year = "2017",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1016/j.jbtep.2017.02.003",
volume = "57",
pages = "25--31",
journal = "Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry: A Journal of Experimental Psychopathology",
issn = "0005-7916",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

RIS

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Attention bias modification training under working memory load increases the magnitude of change in attentional bias

AU - Clarke,Patrick J F

AU - Branson,Sonya

AU - Chen,Nigel T M

AU - Van Bockstaele,Bram

AU - Salemink,Elske

AU - MacLeod,Colin

AU - Notebaert,Lies

PY - 2017/12/1

Y1 - 2017/12/1

N2 - Background and objectives Attention bias modification (ABM) procedures have shown promise as a therapeutic intervention, however current ABM procedures have proven inconsistent in their ability to reliably achieve the requisite change in attentional bias needed to produce emotional benefits. This highlights the need to better understand the precise task conditions that facilitate the intended change in attention bias in order to realise the therapeutic potential of ABM procedures. Based on the observation that change in attentional bias occurs largely outside conscious awareness, the aim of the current study was to determine if an ABM procedure delivered under conditions likely to preclude explicit awareness of the experimental contingency, via the addition of a working memory load, would contribute to greater change in attentional bias. Methods Bias change was assessed among 122 participants in response to one of four ABM tasks given by the two experimental factors of ABM training procedure delivered either with or without working memory load, and training direction of either attend-negative or avoid-negative. Results Findings revealed that avoid-negative ABM procedure under working memory load resulted in significantly greater reductions in attentional bias compared to the equivalent no-load condition. Limitations The current findings will require replication with clinical samples to determine the utility of the current task for achieving emotional benefits. Conclusions These present findings are consistent with the position that the addition of a working memory load may facilitate change in attentional bias in response to an ABM training procedure.

AB - Background and objectives Attention bias modification (ABM) procedures have shown promise as a therapeutic intervention, however current ABM procedures have proven inconsistent in their ability to reliably achieve the requisite change in attentional bias needed to produce emotional benefits. This highlights the need to better understand the precise task conditions that facilitate the intended change in attention bias in order to realise the therapeutic potential of ABM procedures. Based on the observation that change in attentional bias occurs largely outside conscious awareness, the aim of the current study was to determine if an ABM procedure delivered under conditions likely to preclude explicit awareness of the experimental contingency, via the addition of a working memory load, would contribute to greater change in attentional bias. Methods Bias change was assessed among 122 participants in response to one of four ABM tasks given by the two experimental factors of ABM training procedure delivered either with or without working memory load, and training direction of either attend-negative or avoid-negative. Results Findings revealed that avoid-negative ABM procedure under working memory load resulted in significantly greater reductions in attentional bias compared to the equivalent no-load condition. Limitations The current findings will require replication with clinical samples to determine the utility of the current task for achieving emotional benefits. Conclusions These present findings are consistent with the position that the addition of a working memory load may facilitate change in attentional bias in response to an ABM training procedure.

KW - ABM

KW - Anxiety

KW - Anxiety disorders

KW - Attention bias modification

KW - Attentional bias

KW - CBM

KW - Cognitive bias modification

KW - Cognitive load

KW - Selective attention

KW - Working memory load

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85014129671&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jbtep.2017.02.003

DO - 10.1016/j.jbtep.2017.02.003

M3 - Article

VL - 57

SP - 25

EP - 31

JO - Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry: A Journal of Experimental Psychopathology

T2 - Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry: A Journal of Experimental Psychopathology

JF - Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry: A Journal of Experimental Psychopathology

SN - 0005-7916

ER -

ID: 13859898