Data from: Plant-soil feedback and the maintenance of diversity in Mediterranean-climate shrublands



Teste et al. Science PSF-Survival-Biomass: Plant survival and biomass data.

Teste et al. Science PSF-RootStrategyOccupancy: Root strategy occupancy (nodule, cluster roots, ectomycorrhizal and arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization levels) data

Soil biota influence plant performance through plant-soil feedback, but it is unclear whether the strength of such feedback depends on plant traits and whether plant-soil feedback drives local plant diversity. We grew 16 co-occurring plant species with contrasting nutrient-acquisition strategies from hyperdiverse Australian shrublands and exposed them to soil biota from under their own or other plant species. Plant responses to soil biota varied according to their nutrient-acquisition strategy, including positive feedback for ectomycorrhizal plants and negative feedback for nitrogen-fixing and nonmycorrhizal plants. Simulations revealed that such strategy-dependent feedback is sufficient to maintain the high taxonomic and functional diversity characterizing these Mediterranean-climate shrublands. Our study identifies nutrient-acquisition strategy as a key trait explaining how different plant responses to soil biota promote local plant diversity.
Date made available20 Jan 2017

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